TIROS craft

TIROS began in a continous coverage of Earth’s weather in 1962, providing the first accurate weather forecasts based on coverage from space.

The Tiros2 craft-Television and Infrared Observation Satellite- was a spin stabilized spacecraft designed to examine experimental television mechanics and infrared equipment. Its composition was of:

  • form of 18 sided right prism
  • 107 cm in diameter and 56 cm high
  • top and sides of spacecraft covered in approx. 9000 1- by 2-cm silicon solar cells
  • two independent television camera subsystems for taking cloudcover pictures
  • cloudcover earth picture.jpg

    *Cloud-cover Space pictures.*

  • five channel medium resolution scanning radiometer
  • two channel non-scanning low-resolution radiometer for measuring radiation from Earth and its atmosphere